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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering
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specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> if this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. the former russian spy was poisoned to death and london. six years later, a british judge will like to know why. the protests over the anti islamic film spreads to pakistan where crowds tried to storm the american embassy. china is aging fast. could these pensioners be the stumbling block to the country's economic growth?
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>> this looming population crisis, the costs that might bring might be what will way the chinese economy down. >> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. a british judge has opened an inquest to discover whether moscow ordered the killing of the former russian spy who died in a london hospital six years ago from a massive dose of radioactive polonium. just before he got sick he had tea with two other russians in a london cafe. now, the court like to know why he was killed. >> alexander litvinenko was poisoned by radiation.
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he was a fierce critic of the kremlin. where they behind his death? a lawyer for his widow said it was vital to establish whether this was a targeted assassination by agents of a foreign state. this would be an active state- sponsored nuclear terrorism on the streets of london. do you believe that the russian state was behind the murder? >> . now, i believe it. they say that polonium was used at such a high level of radioactive material. you cannot find it anywhere because it is all under state control. >> in 2006, police followed a radioactive trail across flooded. they found traces of polonium at a restaurant where he ate, also at the millenium hotel. it was here at the pine bark at the millenium hotel that
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alexander litvinenko drank tea with some russian visitors. that is the moment that the authorities believe that the poison was used. they follow the trail back to moscow. they have enough evidence to charge two men. one of them, this former security officer. they have both denied involvement and remain in russia. britain and russian leaders have been trying to patch up relations. aexander litvinenko's led to major diplomatic fight, and in quest might aggravate relationships further. >> any sort of definitive answer would be difficult to ascertain without russian government cooperation. >> the corner indicated that he would look at russia possible, but material on possible links
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between mr. litvinenko and british intelligence might not be released. >> for more on the political implications of the inquest, i spoke a short time ago with a member of the carnegie endowment for international peace. thank you for coming in. moscow hopes that this inquest will uncover the truth. >> i think the truth will be limited by the national interests of both sides. the russians are not forthcoming about any evidence that could be helpful to the u.k. government. we heard in the report that the u.k. will be covering up its purposes litvinenko was serving before his death. this is a mystery that has been failed in national interest from the beginning. >> the timing of his death, it was said that the crisis plunged the two nations into the worst relations since the end of the cold war. that is dramatic talk. this had a lasting impact.
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>> i think the relationship seems to have recovered. obviously, the interaction has been largely positive between david cameron and vladimir putin. some criticized david cameron for not being tougher on the litvinenko case. fundamentally, remember that this is the distinction between national interest and mr. putin's a personal vulnerability. if cameron is careful not to attack latimer putin directly come relations can cruise along. -- is chairman is careful not to attack putin directly, relations can cruise along. the sensitivity is particularly acute. the russian duma is poised to pass legislation that requires people to divest and move their investments outside of russia
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and that could include a lot of russian money that is currently in london. it undermines the basic bargain that mr. putin has had with people that support him in position of power which was make your money, do what you want with it, but support me politically. the british government kind of blunders into this whole affair now. they could strike at mr. putin's personal interests. >> i remember reading at the time that litvinenko died that london had more russian spies in it than at the time of the cold war. you can see it and hear it everywhere. does that account why there is so much as being not taking place? >> well, this is a two-way street. the russians are sending their agents over but the russian opposition, the russian oligarchs export themselves and their wealth to london.
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london has become one of several global hot spots in which the russian elite and the elite of many countries concentrate their wealth. >> with it comes the espionage. thank you. syrian opposition activists say that more than 30 people have been killed and dozens injured when there was an explosion at a petrol station. the syrian observatory for him and rights were told that the blast was caused by aerial bombardments. dodge the syrian observatory for human rights were told at the blast was caused -- this hearing observatory for human-rights were told that the blast was caused by airing bombardments. pakistani security forces used tear gas and live rounds to break up a crowd trying to reach the heavily guarded diplomatic zone in islamabad. protesters were protesting a
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film about muhammed. >> it did not look like there would be any way out with much more violence. it ended a very dramatically. hours a buildup and a standoff between police on the one hand and all of those protesters on the other with teargas being fired. suddenly, the religious leaders spoke to the crowd and told them to calm down and to disperse peacefully. it happened very quickly. this gives us an indication that to some extent these protests are being orchestrated and perhaps once as protesters realized, the leaders realized they had made their point, they called things off. this gives an indication of what could be to come. momentum is growing by these protests in pakistan. friday has been declared a public holiday by the government, a day of love for the profit, what that really translates to are many more
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demonstrations across the country. >> for more on the efforts to contain it, i'm joined by the former pakistani high commissioner of the u.k. who currently serves as the chair of islamic studies at american university. thank you so much for coming in. we had our discussion about pakistan. i want to show you what has been playing on pakistani television. the state department has put out a video distancing itself from the anti is on the phone. -- from the anti-islamic film. >> we reject all efforts to denigrate the religious beliefs of others. >> let me state very clearly, and i hope that it is obvious that the u.s. government had absolutely nothing to do with this video.
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>> hillary clinton and barack obama in that video. the state department, they spent $70,000 on this pr effort. this has the potential lead to reach 90 million pakistan is in the country. what do you make of this effort? >> i think that this is an important effort and we need to applaud it. >> could it be effective? >> i don't think it will change too much because we're in the middle of a whole movement. egypt, libya, india, mobs coming out. these societies alike pressure cookers. there is a lot of pressure within this society. a perceived attack on the pro phet is kind of like a catalyst. this touches very deeply into society. a gesture like the one made by the secretary of state, hillary clinton, is something very
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positive. but, we need to understand that unless the paradigm changes, we will have cause and effect and i don't condone any violence of any kind. we had 100 deaths since the crisis of the danish cartoons. we have had about 30 deaths since the film came out and the ambassador was killed. how many more deaths before we realize there is a direct connection between one thing and the other? when you set out to provoke people, it is no longer free speech. >> tell me what it is specifically about the prophet that muslims find so offensive. >> many people in the west would look to this and say that we lampooned everyone. why not your prophet? he is the foundation of the faith.
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on a cultural and social level, there is immense respect and affection for him. love on his birthday. ceremonies on the islamic calendar. there is a legal aspect which we forget. while here in the west, the constitution protects free speech. in countries like pakistan and saudi arabia, any attack on the prophet is blasphemy. >> do you expect these protests to continue? >> i feel very sad about this. you are seeing two civilizations failing to communicate. you are hearing about more films in the pipeline. they will be coming out and maybe it will spark violent protests again. we need to really discover a way of dealing with each other with respect and bridge-building rather than the cycle of violence. >> thank you for coming in to explain it all. these protests have revived
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questions about the american role in the middle east, it is an unusual departure for a presidential campaign focused on the economy. when foreign affairs are talked about by the candidate, it talks about china and the threat to american supremacy. we have traveled to all high to ask voters their what they think about the country's standing in the world. -- we have traveled to ohio to ask voters what they think about their country's standing in the world. >> this is mansfield, ohio. and employment is 9%. the community is struggling to recover from the closure of a car plant. the economy dominates. until towns like this see recovery, overseas activism will take a backseat. >> americans are conflicted. they have contradictory impulses in their foreign policies and always have. they shape the world in which they think is conducive to their interests.
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they have an impulse that says that that sounds like too much of a burden. >> the republican candidate came to man still last week. he accuses president obama of presiding over american decline at home and on the world stage. >> america does not have to have a long face we have right now and we can get america growing again. i know how to do it. >> there is an area of in this campaign, johnson and the economy to touch on foreign policy. that is trade practices and relations between the great talent. of the ticket, china. -- jobs and the economy to touch on foreign policy. a local republican candidate sees a direct connection between the ohio of economy and the wider world. >> we have to stand up to china and tell them that we want to be part of the international community and trade but they have to play by the rules.
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>> you can talk a good game, but i like to walk the walk not just talk the talk. >> president obama was also in ohio meeting voter to anxieties about china. he has imposed new tariffs on exports. mr. romney says he would go further than the president but he would be constrained by the realities of power. >> having a bad relationship right out of the gate with china is not a helpful way to try to protect our interests. we want peace with china on the world stage. so, i think that this is their first and most important issue that any president will face is after the redevelopment of the economy. >> there are plenty who'd to assume this country has passed the peak of their power and
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pride in america remains so strong that any candidate who told the public that would come under a hail of political fire. instead, america claims to the promise that economic recovery can restore a global order that today's citizens have known all of their lives. >> you are watching "bbc world is america," still to come -- a british soldier gives birth on the battlefield. -- you are watching "bbc world news america." the miners' that a platinum mine complex return to work. violent protests left 46 people dead. the miners are staging another strike, barricading a road leads to a platinum mine. >> fires and barricades outside
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of another mind. labor appears to be spreading. the illegal strikes at the big gold mine and here at the largest platinum producer in the world. the south african police who shot dead 34 workers at another mine last month moving in once again. >> we are not willing to work until we get this. >> the strikes followed an example set by the mine where six weeks of violence ended with a new wailed to deal -- and it with a new wage deal. >> i feel very happy that i can go back to work now. >> the impact of all of this on south africa could be significant.
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>> this requires review and in this respect, not just between capitalists, capital, and labor, but also within labor, the levels of inequality. i suspect that they will be more aggressive in the way they think about the distribution. >> the authorities are promising tough action to prevent the spread of illegal strikes becoming a full blown contagion. >> in china, the communist party is preparing to install a new generation of leaders who will run the country for the next decade. one of the most difficult challenges is what to do with one of the fastest aging populations in the world. the sheer number of old people is a huge economic strain.
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we began this special report in central china. >> his story is china's story. he has lived through hardship and famine. his parents died of starvation. he is now 79. life expectancy rivals the west. china has not yet built a comprehensive system of old age care. they fend for themselves from their children have all gone far away looking for work. >> i never thought what would happen when i am old. i guess i will die and no one would know. >> it is a lonely fate many here now face.
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in two decades there will be more retired people in china than the entire population of western europe. this is where the young come, to their factories. this fast cheap labor force has driven economic growth and it is drying up. as the number of elderly is rising, the birthrate has collapsed because of the one child policy. it will take six workers to pay for every pensioner today. soon, it will be just two. they will have to shoulder a greater part of the cost of paying for their parents. >> the bird is going to be heavy. our parents are going to get old. we will have to support them and pay for our child's education. >> china's economic rise has seemed unstoppable. that might be about to change. this looming population crisis, a shrinking work force, and a
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soaring number of elderly might be what ways the chinese growth down. china has prospered while its workers had been young. james young set up the biggest agency when he was just 30. it is now worth billions. an older work force will make china far less competitive. >> 20 or 30 years from now, china will enter a more developed stage. if we don't have enough entrepreneurs, if we don't have enough young people, we will have trouble competing. >> instead, this is what awaits china, a future visible now in a hospice in beijing. the illnesses of aging population. this man is 72. he has parkinson's disease.
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this man has battled cancer. he is leading the prayers. >> at night, we realized the guy in the next bed has died. there was one night when i was the only person of life in here. i'm used to it now. -- there was one night when i was the only person alive in here. >> making this nation yonder, not just richer, will be one of the biggest challenges facing the new leadership. >> from the sadness of the end of life to the joy and surprise of the beginning i did. a team of doctors was flown to afghanistan after a british servicewoman unexpectedly gave birth to a baby boy. the gunner and her son are said to be doing well. the soldier only learned she was about to give birth after having stomach pains. >> in a place more used to
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dealing with death than new life, it was here at the field hospital that the baby was born. the soldier was close to the end of her six month tour. she is in the royal artillery and had been in the mechanized brigade. a few days ago she complained of stomach pains. it was only then that she learned she was pregnant. on tuesday, the baby was born. the soldier had conceived her talk before being sent to afghanistan. shthe mother and child are in stable condition and receiving the best possible care. the statement says it is not military policy to allow service people to deploy it if they are pregnant. in this case, they were unaware of the pregnancy. this is the first time that a british soldier is known to have given birth on the front lines though more than 170 service members have been sent home after discovering they were
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pregnant. there are some women who did not realize they're pregnant until shortly before giving birth. >> it is far more common than we think it is. the figures had showed in wales, a rate of one in 2500 pregnancies. there was another study that gave a rate of one in 148 pregnancies. >> this case has fueled the debate over the more medical checks, for example routine pregnancy testing, is needed before women are deployed to the front line. >> the soldier in question was lucky that she was actually at the camp when she gave birth. there is a properly established medical facility which could look after her properly. if she had been sent out on patrol and was at a forward operating base, it might have been a very different story indeed. >> a special team of medics is now on the way to help
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care for the mother and baby now on the flight home. >> quite extraordinary. we wish both mother and baby all of the best. that brings the show to a close. thank you so much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news that bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank.
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>> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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BBC World News America
PBS September 20, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

News/Business. U.S.-targeted nightly newscast. (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY China 16, America 9, London 8, Pakistan 5, Russia 3, Moscow 3, David Cameron 2, Alexander Litvinenko 2, Newman 2, Honolulu 2, Union Bank 2, Afghanistan 2, Clinton 1, Latimer 1, Vladimir Putin 1, Aexander Litvinenko 1, Mr. Litvinenko 1, Kremlin 1, Pbs 1, Barack Obama 1
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